Making a decision about your treatment for cancer can be overwhelming. In a short span of time, you are called upon to make critical decisions about your life. When it comes to treating a brain tumor, the level of confusion and anxiety gets double. The treatment itself is dependent upon a number of factors such as a person’s age, size, general health, location and the type of tumor.
Stated below are the two most common and effective brain cancer treatments that people ordinarily go for in an attempt to get their brain tumor treated:
Radiation therapy, also referred to as radiotherapy, makes use of high-energy rays to kill tumor cells and stopping them from growing and multiplying in numbers. Radiotherapy is generally used for people who cannot go through a surgery. In other cases, it is used to kill any after-surgery cancer cells that remain within the body. Radiation therapy is a local therapy, which means it only kills the cells that cross its path. It doesn’t affect other cells present in the body or brain or harm them.
Radiation therapy is usually given in the following ways:
- External radiation uses high-energy radiation to target the tumor. The beam penetrates the skin, the skull and the healthy brain tissue to reach the tumor. Radiotherapy sessions are usually conducted 5 days a week where each treatment takes up to several minutes.
- Internal or implant radiation therapy makes use of tiny radioactive capsules which are placed inside the tumor itself. The radiation emitted from the capsules kills the tumor cells. This requires the patient to stay in the hospital for several days over the course of the treatment.
- Stereotactic radiosurgery is a knifeless surgical technique that destroys the brain tumor without opening the skull. Normally, a CT scan or MRI is used to identify the exact location of the tumor in the brain. A single, large dose of high-energy radiation beam is pointed at the tumor from different angles to kill it.
Chemotherapy is another treatment that uses powerful drugs to kill tumor cells. A single drug or a combination of drugs is used in this treatment where the drugs are given orally or through an IV. Also, some drugs are given through a shunt put in place to drain excess fluid from the brain. Chemotherapy is usually administered in cycles where each cycle consists of a short period of intensive treatment followed by a rest and recovery period. Each cycle usually lasts a few weeks.
The side-effects of chemotherapy are known to all. They may actually be very difficult for people to tolerate. Some common side-effects include nausea, vomiting, mouth sores, loss of appetite, abrasive skin, hair fall and more.
To take appropriate skincare during chemotherapy and radiation therapy, you need skincare products for women that are specially designed for chemo-stricken, sensitive skin. Find the best therapy lotions, mild conditioning shampoos, and more at Alra.